J.B. Bakema, became an active member of the ‘Team X’. He also participated in the ‘Opbouw’ or the CIAM. The Team X, rose about the basic things in housing. Were they doing the right things? They were in a reflexion period, where the cities had to be reconstructed because of the war. What is the importance of the form? They defined new scales for the house, the street, the district and the city. Massive housing is a new concept. Van den Broek and Bakema developed many urban and residential projects, one of them is the ‘Het Hool’, placed in Eindhoven.
This district was designed between the architects and the future inhabitants. They thought this was important in order to have better conditions living there. In the project there are different typologies combined. Today I will have a look to the patio-houses. The organization is simple and very effective: the traffic goes on the main streets, and the pedestrian goes by secondary streets with different circuits. Thanks of that, they can configure some interior squares, where they distribute these ‘L’ houses. The same materials and structural details were used to build affordable homes for differing wage brackets. This patio houses are organised around the patio. You can come in by two roads: the pedestrian or by car. The relationship between houses is very interesting, because they form small squares that organize and fragments the public space and makes easy to walk between the different elements.
Talking about the exterior space, it’s conceived like the central heart of the house. The program is developed around this central space, which can be used by the living space and also by all the bedrooms. The outdoor corresponds to a percentage of 35,78%. I think it’s generous, considering the context!