Montblanc is a small village that has an important historical development. Its origin is dated on 1163, by the king Alfons I. He made a population letter (you can see it above on the left). There was a castle over the mountain, and it was the intersection between the roads that conduct people to Lleida, Tarragona and Barcelona. So, it was a good place to position the new village.
The limits of the current old town, closed by walls protected with about 30 towers quadrate with the perimeter presented in the fourteenth century. In the twelfth century, when founding, the area occupied by the houses was reduced. We could say that stretched between two main edges: the Main Street and ‘Solans’ street. Until the fourteenth century, Montblanc still grows inside the walls. At this moment the part located inside the walls becomes completely built and defined.
Although Montblanc submits a masterplan prior to its construction, in the foundation moment was chosen to locate people near the castle (that was on the top of the mountain). This forced them to abandone the regularity of the urban plot.
Above right, we see both types of houses that were stipulated in the village depending on the social class people belong. Thus arises the model of manor house (rich) and popular house (low-economy).
Map of the late nineteenth century. We can see the layout of the first railway line linking the cities of Reus and Lleida.
This is the oficial site of the village: http://www.montblanc.cat
As a class exercise we had to design an small hotel, placed in a sandlot near to the battlement. This was my personal proposal as an exercise for the 2nd course: